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XB-ART-313
J Gen Physiol June 1, 2006; 127 (6): 639-58.

Electrogenic Na/HCO3 cotransporter (NBCe1) variants expressed in Xenopus oocytes: functional comparison and roles of the amino and carboxy termini.

McAlear SD , Liu X , Williams JB , McNicholas-Bevensee CM , Bevensee MO .


Abstract
Using pH- and voltage-sensitive microelectrodes, as well as the two-electrode voltage-clamp and macropatch techniques, we compared the functional properties of the three NBCe1 variants (NBCe1-A, -B, and -C) with different amino and/or carboxy termini expressed in Xenopus laevis oocytes. Oocytes expressing rat brain NBCe1-B and exposed to a CO(2)/HCO(3)(-) solution displayed all the hallmarks of an electrogenic Na(+)/HCO(3)(-) cotransporter: (a) a DIDS-sensitive pH(i) recovery following the initial CO(2)-induced acidification, (b) an instantaneous hyperpolarization, and (c) an instantaneous Na(+)-dependent outward current under voltage-clamp conditions (-60 mV). All three variants had similar external HCO(3)(-) dependencies (apparent K(M) of 4-6 mM) and external Na(+) dependencies (apparent K(M) of 21-36 mM), as well as similar voltage dependencies. However, voltage-clamped oocytes (-60 mV) expressing NBCe1-A exhibited peak HCO(3)(-)-stimulated NBC currents that were 4.3-fold larger than the currents seen in oocytes expressing the most dissimilar C variant. Larger NBCe1-A currents were also observed in current-voltage relationships. Plasma membrane expression levels as assessed by single oocyte chemiluminescence with hemagglutinin-tagged NBCs were similar for the three variants. In whole-cell experiments (V(m) = -60 mV), removing the unique amino terminus of NBCe1-A reduced the mean HCO(3)(-)-induced NBC current 55%, whereas removing the different amino terminus of NBCe1-C increased the mean NBC current 2.7-fold. A similar pattern was observed in macropatch experiments. Thus, the unique amino terminus of NBCe1-A stimulates transporter activity, whereas the different amino terminus of the B and C variants inhibits activity. One or more cytosolic factors may also contribute to NBCe1 activity based on discrepancies between macropatch and whole-cell currents. While the amino termini influence transporter function, the carboxy termini influence plasma membrane expression. Removing the entire cytosolic carboxy terminus of NBCe1-C, or the different carboxy terminus of the A/B variants, causes a loss of NBC activity due to low expression at the plasma membrane.

PubMed ID: 16735752
PMC ID: PMC2151535
Article link: J Gen Physiol
Grant support: [+]

Species referenced: Xenopus laevis
Genes referenced: lum slc4a1 slc4a4 tbx2


Article Images: [+] show captions
References [+] :
Abuladze, Structural organization of the human NBC1 gene: kNBC1 is transcribed from an alternative promoter in intron 3. 2000, Pubmed