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Nucleic Acids Res July 11, 1980; 8 (13): 2871-84.

Nucleotide sequence encoding the 5'' end of Xenopus laevis 18S rRNA.

Salim M , Maden BE .

We have sequenced a region of cloned Xenopus laevis ribosomal DNA encompassing the last 24 nucleotides of the external transcribed spacer and the first 275 nucleotides of the 18S gene. The start of the 18S gene was identified by correlating the results obtained from RNA hybridization and fingerprinting with the DNA sequence. This 5'' region of 18S rRNA contains five 2''-O-methyl groups and at least six pseudouridine residues. Several of these modified nucleotides are clustered into a relatively short region from nucleotides 99-124. Nucleotides 227-250 constitute a distinctive sequence of 24 consecutive G and C residues. Comparison with the first 160 nucleotides of a yeast 18S gene (25) reveals three blocks of high sequence homology separated by two short tracts where homology is low or absent. The external transcribed spacer sequences diverge widely from within a few nucleotides of the start of the 18S gene.

PubMed ID: 6253895
PMC ID: PMC324131
Article link: Nucleic Acids Res

References [+] :
Boseley, Sequence organization of the spacer DNA in a ribosomal gene unit of Xenopus laevis. 1979, Pubmed, Xenbase