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Cell Tissue Res January 1, 1980; 207 (3): 377-85.

Responses of MSH and prolactin cells to 5-hydroxytryptophan (5-HTP) in amphibians and teleosts.

Olivereau M , Olivereau JM , Aimar C .

Injection of 5-hydroxytryptophan (5-HTP), a precursor of serotonin, induces dispersion of melanin in the amphibians, Pleurodeles waltlii (Urodela) and Xenopus laevis (Anura), in the goldfish, Carassius auratus, and in the carp, Cyprinus carpio. It is accompanied by a dispersion of erythrophore pigments. In the pituitaries of Pleurodeles and goldfish, a stimulation of MSH cells, characterized by a significant nuclear hypertrophy, is also observed; in Carassius, MSH cells may become degranulated. Serotonin appears to exert a stimulating effect on MSH release in lower vertebrates. Swimming behavior is disturbed in the goldfish and the carp; gaseous metabolism in the swim-bladder may be affected by injection of 5-HTP, as previously reported in the eel. Prolactin (PRL) cells appear activated, but remain granulated in the treated goldfish. No clear response of PRL cells to injection of 5-HTP can be observed in Pleurodeles. A possible role of serotonin in Pleurodeles submitted to an experimental aeroionization is briefly discussed.

PubMed ID: 6967354
Article link:

Species referenced: Xenopus laevis
Genes referenced: mindy3 prl.1 prl.2

References [+] :
Baker, Ability of various factors to oppose the stimulatory effect of dibutyrylcyclic AMP on the release of melanocyte-stimulating hormone by the rat pituitary in vitro. 1976, Pubmed