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J Embryol Exp Morphol February 1, 1977; 37 (1): 13-31.

An autoradiographic analysis of nucleic acid synthesis in the presumptive primordial germ cells of Xenopus laevis.

Dziadek M , Dixon KE .

Microinjection of [3H]thymidine into Xenopus laevis embryos between late blastula (stage 10) and early tadpole (stage 44) showed that the presumptive primordial germ cells synthesis DNA between stages 10-33. The percentage of labelled cells was highest between stages 10 and 16, declined sharply between stages 22 and 26 and rose again between stages 26 and 33. The fluctuations in the labelling patterns together with increase in the number of presumptive primordial germ cells and direct observation of germ cells in mitosis suggested that the germ cells divide three times between stages 10 and 44. The first divisions probably take place during gastrulation (stages 10-12), the second relatively synchronously at about stages 22-24 and the third series again relatively synchronously about stages 37-39. This period of proliferative activity is distinguishable on the one hand from the cleavage divisions in which the number of germ cells does not increase and on the other hand from the next proliferative phase by a period of mitotic inactivity. Microinjection of [3H]uridine showed that the presumptive primordial germ cells synthesize RNA only in mid-gastrula to early tail-bud-stage embryos. There is no obvious simple causal relationship between RNA synthesis and the movement of the germ plasm to the nucleus, or with division of the germ cells or with their migration out of the endoderm.

PubMed ID: 870589
Article link: J Embryol Exp Morphol

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