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Cytogenet Cell Genet January 1, 1977; 19 (6): 344-54.

The karyotype of the tetraploid species Xenopus vestitus Laurent (Anura: pipidae).

Tymowska J , Fischberg M , Tinsley RC .

Xenopus vestitus possesses 72 chromosomes, wherease in the majority of known Xenopus species there are 2n = 36. During meiosis, 36 bivalents are usually observed at metaphase I and 36 chromosomes at metaphase II. Arranged according to size and centromere position, the chromosomes form the same basic morphologic groups typical of the genus Xenopus. However, the groups are composed of quartets of four similar chromosomes instead of diploid pairs of homologs. The exception to this arrangement involves chromosomes bearing secondary constrictions, which in X. vestitus are represented by two different pairs of homologs, one of which shows, in 39% of the observed mitoses, somatic association and is, therefore, considered to carry the nucleolar organizer. X. vestitus represents either a case of ancient autotetraploidy or, more likely, one of allotetraploidy of more modern origin.

PubMed ID: 611004
Article link: Cytogenet Cell Genet