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FASEB J October 1, 2006; 20 (12): 1974-81.

Evidence that aquaporin 1 is a major pathway for CO2 transport across the human erythrocyte membrane.

Endeward V , Musa-Aziz R , Cooper GJ , Chen LM , Pelletier MF , Virkki LV , Supuran CT , King LS , Boron WF , Gros G .

We report here the application of a previously described method to directly determine the CO2 permeability (P(CO2)) of the cell membranes of normal human red blood cells (RBCs) vs. those deficient in aquaporin 1 (AQP1), as well as AQP1-expressing Xenopus laevis oocytes. This method measures the exchange of (18)O between CO2, HCO3(-), and H2O in cell suspensions. In addition, we measure the alkaline surface pH (pH(S)) transients caused by the dominant effect of entry of CO2 vs. HCO3(-) into oocytes exposed to step increases in [CO2]. We report that 1) AQP1 constitutes the major pathway for molecular CO2 in human RBCs; lack of AQP1 reduces P(CO2) from the normal value of 0.15 +/- 0.08 (SD; n=85) cm/s by 60% to 0.06 cm/s. Expression of AQP1 in oocytes increases P(CO2) 2-fold and doubles the alkaline pH(S) gradient. 2) pCMBS, an inhibitor of the AQP1 water channel, reduces P(CO2) of RBCs solely by action on AQP1 as it has no effect in AQP1-deficient RBCs. 3) P(CO2) determinations of RBCs and pH(S) measurements of oocytes indicate that DIDS inhibits the CO2 pathway of AQP1 by half. 4) RBCs have at least one other DIDS-sensitive pathway for CO2. We conclude that AQP1 is responsible for 60% of the high P(CO2) of red cells and that another, so far unidentified, CO2 pathway is present in this membrane that may account for at least 30% of total P(CO2).

PubMed ID: 17012249
Article link: FASEB J

Species referenced: Xenopus laevis
Genes referenced: aqp1