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XB-ART-34574
Science May 12, 2006; 312 (5775): 921-4.

Wnt gradient formation requires retromer function in Wnt-producing cells.

Coudreuse DY , Roël G , Betist MC , Destrée O , Korswagen HC .


Abstract
Wnt proteins function as morphogens that can form long-range concentration gradients to pattern developing tissues. Here, we show that the retromer, a multiprotein complex involved in intracellular protein trafficking, is required for long-range signaling of the Caenorhabditis elegans Wnt ortholog EGL-20. The retromer functions in EGL-20-producing cells to allow the formation of an EGL-20 gradient along the anteroposterior axis. This function is evolutionarily conserved, because Wnt target gene expression is also impaired in the absence of the retromer complex in vertebrates. These results demonstrate that the ability of Wnt to regulate long-range patterning events is dependent on a critical and conserved function of the retromer complex within Wnt-producing cells.

PubMed ID: 16645052
Article link: Science