The heterodimeric tumor-suppressor complex BRCA1/BARD1 exhibits E3 ubiquitin ligase activity and participates in cell proliferation and chromosome stability control by incompletely defined mechanisms. Here we show that, in both mammalian cells and Xenopus egg extracts, BRCA1/BARD1 is required for mitotic spindle-pole assembly and for accumulation of TPX2, a major spindle organizer and Ran target, on spindle poles. This function is centrosome independent, operates downstream of Ran GTPase, and depends upon BRCA1/BARD1 E3 ubiquitin ligase activity. Xenopus BRCA1/BARD1 forms endogenous complexes with three spindle-pole proteins, TPX2, NuMA, and XRHAMM--a known TPX2 partner--and specifically attenuates XRHAMM function. These observations reveal a previously unrecognized function of BRCA1/BARD1 in mitotic spindle assembly that likely contributes to its role in chromosome stability control and tumor suppression.
PubMed ID: 17081976
Article link: Cell.
Grant support: GM62267 NIGMS NIH HHS
Genes referenced: bard1 brca1 hmmr numa1 ran tpx2