XB-ART-3482Mech Dev June 1, 2004; 121 (6): 519-26.
Lens regeneration in newts occurs exclusively from the dorsal aspect of the iris pigment epithelium. Although the phenomenon has been a paradigm of experimental tissue regeneration, little is understood about how it is initiated and restricted to the dorsal iris. Here we show among various growth factors injected in an intact eye, a single injection of FGF2 specifically caused morphological changes of the iris characteristic of lens regeneration, induced expression of transcription factor genes Pax6, Sox2 and MafB, as well as endogenous Fgf2 in both dorsal and ventral halves, and provoked second lens development only from the dorsal iris. FGF2 protein accumulated in the iris tissue after the lens was removed, and injection of a soluble form of FGF receptor titrating FGF2 inhibited all reactions observed after the lens removal or after administration of FGF2. These results indicate that FGF2 and/or related molecules trigger lens regeneration from the dorsal iris in the newt. The observations also indicate that the absence of lens regeneration from the ventral iris is due to a block in a later phase of lens developmental pathway.
PubMed ID: 15172683
Article link: Mech Dev
Genes referenced: fgf2 mafb pax6 sox2