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J Biol Chem December 29, 2006; 281 (52): 40096-106.

RAP55, a cytoplasmic mRNP component, represses translation in Xenopus oocytes.

Tanaka KJ , Ogawa K , Takagi M , Imamoto N , Matsumoto K , Tsujimoto M .

mRNAs in eukaryotic cells are presumed to always associate with a set of proteins to form mRNPs. In Xenopus oocytes, a large pool of maternal mRNAs is masked from the translational apparatus as storage mRNPs. Here we identified Xenopus RAP55 (xRAP55) as a component of RNPs that associate with FRGY2, the principal component of maternal mRNPs. RAP55 is a member of the Scd6 or Lsm14 family. RAP55 localized to cytoplasmic foci in Xenopus oocytes and the processing bodies (P-bodies) in cultured human cells: in the latter cells, RAP55 is an essential constituent of the P-bodies. We isolated xRAP55-containing complexes from Xenopus oocytes and identified xRAP55-associated proteins, including a DEAD-box protein, Xp54, and a protein arginine methyltransferase, PRMT1. Recombinant xRAP55 repressed translation, together with Xp54, in an in vitro translation system. In addition, xRAP55 repressed translation in oocytes when tethered with a reporter mRNA. Domain analyses revealed that the N-terminal region of RAP55, including the Lsm domain, is important for the localization to P-bodies and translational repression. Taken together, our results suggest that xRAP55 is involved in translational repression of mRNA as a component of storage mRNPs.

PubMed ID: 17074753
Article link: J Biol Chem

Species referenced: Xenopus
Genes referenced: dcp1a ddx6 elavl1 gnas lsm14a prmt1 ybx2

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