XB-ART-34886Gene Expr Patterns January 1, 2007; 7 (3): 233-8.
Expression of the forkhead transcription factor FoxN4 in progenitor cells in the developing Xenopus laevis retina and brain.
Forkhead proteins are involved in gene regulation in a large variety of developmental situations. Several forkhead gene products are expressed in the developing eye and brain. Here we characterize the expression of FoxN4 during Xenopus development. We report that FoxN4 is expressed in the eye from the earliest stages of specification through retinal maturation. FoxN4 is also expressed in the pallium, optic tectum, isthmus, reticular formation, and in cells lining the ventricle of the tadpole brain.
PubMed ID: 17110173
PMC ID: PMC1986660
Article link: Gene Expr Patterns
Species referenced: Xenopus laevis
Genes referenced: foxn4 lhx2 lhx5 lhx9 rax sox2
Article Images: [+] show captions
|Fig. 2. FoxN4 is expressed in developing eye fields, brain, and retinal progenitor cells. (A–J) Detection of FoxN4 (A–E) and Rx (F–I) expression in neural plate (st 16-A,F), neural tube (st 19-B,G) and tailbud (st 25-C,H; st 31-D,E,I) embryos by wholemount in situ hybridization (WISH) using antisense riboprobes. Arrow in I denotes pineal gland. (E) high magnification view of pronephric area from an embryo similar to that shown in D (box) but subjected to reduced proteinase K treatment and prolonged color reaction. (J) Comparison of FoxN4 and Rx expression in a st 19 embryo visualized by double in situ hybridization using antisense probes for FoxN4 (turquoise color) and Rx (magenta color). Arrowhead denotes region of Rx single staining. J′: digital enlargement of left eye region in J to more clearly show Rx expression (arrowhead). (K–N) Analysis of FoxN4 expression in the developing brain of whole Xenopus embryos at neural tube and tailbud, at indicated stages. (O–T) Analysis of FoxN4 (O–S) and Rx (T) expression in sections obtained from paraffin-embedded fixed embryos at early tadpole stages. Arrowheads in R, T indicate the tips of the CMZ. Abbreviations: C, cement gland; CMZ (bracket), ciliary marginal zone; E, eye; FB, forebrain; HB, hindbrain; L, lens; MB, midbrain; O, olfactory bulb/placode/organ; R, retina.|
|Fig. 3. Expression of X. laevis FoxN4 in the tadpole brain. Visualization of FoxN4 expression in isolated tadpole brains by WISH. Brains were isolated from fixed st 45 tadpoles and subjected to WISH using antisense riboprobes for FoxN4 (A–C), Lhx2 (D,E), Lhx5 (F,G), or Lhx9 (H,I) as indicated. Brain regions are labeled (abbreviations are explained in box). (A,D,F,H) dorsal views; (B,E,G,I) lateral views; (C) ventral views. (J) Simultaneous visualization of FoxN4 (turquoise) and Lhx9 (magenta) expression in the region of prosomere 2 by double in situ hybridization performed using an isolated st 45 tadpole brain. (J′) Section of brain shown in J. (K–M) Sections of isolated tadpole brains subjected to WISH using FoxN4 (K,L) or Lhx5 (M) antisense riboprobes. (N) In situ hybridization performed on a sectioned st 41 tadpole probed with an antisense Sox2 riboprobe. Red lines in B, G, and J indicate planes of section shown in panels J′, K, L, and M.|
References [+] :
Bachy, The LIM-homeodomain gene family in the developing Xenopus brain: conservation and divergences with the mouse related to the evolution of the forebrain. 2001, Pubmed, Xenbase