XB-ART-35497Cell Motil Cytoskeleton July 1, 2007; 64 (7): 519-30.
Microtubule-binding proteins CLASP1 and CLASP2 interact with actin filaments.
Cell morphogenesis requires dynamic communication between actin filaments and microtubules which is mediated, at least in part, by direct structural links between the two cytoskeletal systems. Here, we examined interaction between the CLIP-associated proteins (CLASP) CLASP1 and CLASP2, and actin filaments. We demonstrate that, in addition to a well-established association with the distal ends of microtubules, CLASP2alpha co-localizes with stress fibers, and that both CLASP1alpha and CLASP2alpha co-immunoprecipitate with actin. GFP-CLASP2alpha exhibits retrograde flow in the lamellipodia of Xenopus primary fibroblasts and in the filopodia of Xenopus spinal cord neurons. A deletion mapping analysis reveals that both the microtubule-binding domain of CLASP2 (which is homologous between all CLASPs) and the N-terminal dis1/TOG domain of CLASP2alpha (which is homologous between alpha isoforms) possess actin-binding activity. Fluorescence resonance energy transfer experiments demonstrate significant energy transfer between YFP-CLASP2alpha and CFP-actin. Our results indicate that CLASPs function as actin/microtubule crosslinkers in interphase cells. We propose that CLASPs facilitate recognition of actin filaments by the plus ends of growing microtubules at the initial stages of actin-microtubule interaction. Cell Motil.
PubMed ID: 17342765
Article link: Cell Motil Cytoskeleton
Species referenced: Xenopus
Genes referenced: actl6a cfp ckap5 clasp1