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J Cell Biochem January 1, 2007; 100 (1): 151-60.

Regulation of Sprouty2 stability by mammalian Seven-in-Absentia homolog 2.

Nadeau RJ , Toher JL , Yang X , Kovalenko D , Friesel R .

Mammalian Sprouty (Spry) gene expression is rapidly induced upon activation of the FGF receptor signaling pathway in multiple cell types including cells of mesenchymal and epithelial origin. Spry2 inhibits FGF-dependent ERK activation and thus Spry acts as a feedback inhibitor of FGF-mediated proliferation. In addition, Spry2 interacts with the ring-finger-containing E3 ubiquitin ligase, c-Cbl, in a manner that is dependent upon phosphorylation of Tyr55 of Spry2. This interaction results in the poly-ubiquitination and subsequent degradation of Spry2 by the proteasome. Here, we describe the identification of another E3 ubiquitin ligase, human Seven-in-Absentia homolog-2 (SIAH2), as a Spry2 interacting protein. We show by yeast two-hybrid analysis that the N-terminal domain of Spry2 and the ring finger domain of SIAH2 mediated this interaction. Co-expression of SIAH2 resulted in proteasomal degradation of Spry1, 2, and to a lesser extent Spry4. The related E3 ubiquitin-ligase, SIAH1, had little effect on Spry2 protein stability when co-expressed. Unlike c-Cbl-mediated degradation of Spry2, SIAH2-mediated degradation was independent of phosphorylation of Spry2 on Tyr55. Spry2 was also phosphorylated on Tyr227, and phosphorylation of this residue was also dispensable for SIAH2-mediated degradation of Spry2. Finally, co-expression of SIAH2 with Spry2 resulted in a rescue of FGF2-mediated ERK phosphorylation. These data suggest a novel mechanism whereby Spry2 stability is regulated in a manner that is independent of tyrosine phosphorylation, and provides an addition level of control of Spry2 protein levels.

PubMed ID: 16888801
Article link: J Cell Biochem
Grant support: [+]

Species referenced: Xenopus
Genes referenced: cbl fgf2 mapk1 siah1 siah2 spry1 spry2 spry4