Due to necessary maintenance, Xenbase will be unavailable December 24-30, 2014. We apologize for the inconvenience.

Click on this message to dismiss it.
Click here to close Hello! We notice that you are using Internet Explorer, which is not supported by Xenbase and may cause the site to display incorrectly. We suggest using a current version of Chrome, FireFox, or Safari.
XB-ART-36534
Neurology. September 25, 2007; 69 (13): 1350-5.

Distal truncation of KCC3 in non-French Canadian HMSN/ACC families.

Salin-Cantegrel A , Rivière JB , Dupré N , Charron FM , Shekarabi M , Karéméra L , Gaspar C , Horst J , Tekin M , Deda G , Krause A , Lippert MM , Willemsen MA , Jarrar R , Lapointe JY , Rouleau GA .


Abstract
BACKGROUND: Hereditary motor and sensory neuropathy with agenesis of the corpus callosum (HMSN/ACC) is a severe and progressive autosomal recessive polyneuropathy. Mutations in the potassium-chloride cotransporter 3 gene (KCC3) were identified as responsible for HMSN/ACC in the French Canadian (FC) population. In the present study, the authors were interested in finding new mutations in non-FC populations, assessing the activity of mutant proteins and refining genotype-phenotype correlations. METHODS: The authors screened KCC3 for mutations using direct sequencing in six non-FC HMSN/ACC families. They then assessed the functionality of the most common mutant protein using a flux assay in Xenopus laevis oocytes. RESULTS: The authors identified mutations in exon 22 of KCC3: a novel mutation (del + 2994-3003; E1015X) in one family, as well as a known mutation (3031C-->T; R1011X) found in five unrelated families and associated with two different haplotypes. The function of the cotransporter was abolished, although a limited amount of mutant proteins were correctly localized at the membrane. CONCLUSIONS: KCC3 mutations in exon 22 constitute a recurrent mutation site for hereditary motor and sensory neuropathy with agenesis of the corpus callosum (HMSN/ACC), regardless of ethnic origin, and are the most common cause of HMSN/ACC in the non-French Canadian (FC) families analyzed so far. Therefore, for genetic analysis, exon 22 screening should be prioritized in non-FC populations. Finally, the R1011X mutation leads to the abrogation of KCC3's function in Xenopus laevis oocytes, likely due to impaired transit of the cotransporter.

PubMed ID: 17893295
Article link: Neurology.

Genes referenced: slc12a6
Antibodies referenced:
Morpholinos referenced:

My Xenbase: [ Log-in / Register ]
version: [3.3.1]


Major funding for Xenbase is provided by the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, grant P41 HD064556