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Gene Expr Patterns December 1, 2007; 8 (1): 12-8.
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Cloning and expression of xP1-L, a new marker gene for larval surface mucous cells of tadpole stomach in Xenopus laevis.

Ikuzawa M , Yasumasu S , Kobayashi K , Iuchi I .

The amphibian gastrointestinal tract is remodeled from a larval-type to an adult-type during metamorphosis. In the present study, we examined the products of subtractive hybridization between tadpole and frog stomach cDNAs of Xenopus laevis in order to identify genes expressed specifically in the larval stomach epithelium. A new gene homologous to xP1 was obtained and named xP1-L. In the genome database of Silurana tropicalis, we found a homologue of xP1-L and named it stP1-L. RT-PCR showed that the expression of xP1-L was detected in stage 41/42 tadpoles. In addition, in situ hybridization showed that xP1-L was localized to surface mucous cells of the larval stomach. The H(+)/K(+)-ATPase beta subunit, a marker gene for manicotto gland cells in the tadpole stomach, was also detected at the same time. However, adult marker genes such as xP1 for surface mucous cells and pepsinogen C (PgC) for oxynticopeptic cells were not expressed in the tadpole stages. The expression of xP1-L gradually decreased towards the metamorphic climax and disappeared after stage 61 when larval-type gastric epithelium is replaced by adult-type. We found that xP1-L was never expressed in surface mucous cells of the adult-type stomach, and xP1, instead of xP1-L, was expressed. During T3-induced metamorphosis, xP1-L expression decreased in the same manner as during natural metamorphosis. Thus, xP1-L is a useful marker for larval surface mucous cells in tadpole stomach. This is the first demonstration of a marker gene specific for the surface mucous cells of the larval stomach.

PubMed ID: 17928274
Article link: Gene Expr Patterns

Species referenced: Xenopus laevis
Genes referenced: atp4b pgc sult1a1 tff3.1

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