XB-ART-37466Neuroscience April 22, 2008; 153 (1): 162-74.
The Na(+)-driven Cl-HCO(3) exchanger (NDCBE or SLC4A8) is a member of the solute carrier 4 (SLC4) family of HCO(3)(-) transporters, which includes products of 10 genes with similar sequences. Most SLC4 members play important roles in regulating intracellular pH (pH(i)). Physiological studies suggest that NDCBE is a major pH(i) regulator in at least hippocampal (HC) pyramidal neurons. We generated a polyclonal rabbit antibody directed against the first 18 residues of the cytoplasmic N terminus (Nt) of human NDCBE. By Western blotting, the antibody distinguishes NDCBE-as a purified Nt peptide or a full-length transporter (expressed in Xenopus oocytes)-from other Na(+)-coupled HCO(3)(-) transporters. By Western blotting, the antiserum recognizes an approximately 135-kDa band in several brain regions of adult mice: the cerebral cortex (CX), subcortex (SCX), cerebellum (CB), and HC. In CX, PNGase F treatment reduces the molecular weight to approximately 116 kDa. By immunocytochemistry, affinity-purified (AP) NDCBE antibody stains the plasma membrane of neuron cell bodies and processes of rat HC neurons in primary culture as well as freshly dissociated mouse HC neurons. The AP antibody does not detect substantial NDCBE levels in freshly dissociated HC astrocytes, or astrocytes in HC or CB sections. By immunohistochemistry, the AP antibody recognizes high levels of NDCBE in neurons of CX, HC (including pyramidal neurons in Cornu Ammonis (CA)1-3 and dentate gyrus), substantial nigra, medulla, cerebellum (especially Purkinje and granular cells), and the basolateral membrane of fetal choroid plexus. Thus, NDCBE is in a position to contribute substantially to pH(i) regulation in multiple CNS neurons.
PubMed ID: 18359573
PMC ID: PMC2905791
Article link: Neuroscience
Genes referenced: slc4a8
References [+] :
Ahdut-Hacohen, Hydrogen ions control synaptic vesicle ion channel activity in Torpedo electromotor neurones. 2004, Pubmed