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J Struct Funct Genomics. December 1, 2007; 8 (4): 153-66.

Small-scale, semi-automated purification of eukaryotic proteins for structure determination.

Frederick RO , Bergeman L , Blommel PG , Bailey LJ , McCoy JG , Song J , Meske L , Bingman CA , Riters M , Dillon NA , Kunert J , Yoon JW , Lim A , Cassidy M , Bunge J , Aceti DJ , Primm JG , Markley JL , Phillips GN , Fox BG .

A simple approach that allows cost-effective automated purification of recombinant proteins in levels sufficient for functional characterization or structural studies is described. Studies with four human stem cell proteins, an engineered version of green fluorescent protein, and other proteins are included. The method combines an expression vector (pVP62K) that provides in vivo cleavage of an initial fusion protein, a factorial designed auto-induction medium that improves the performance of small-scale production, and rapid, automated metal affinity purification of His8-tagged proteins. For initial small-scale production screening, single colony transformants were grown overnight in 0.4 ml of auto-induction medium, produced proteins were purified using the Promega Maxwell 16, and purification results were analyzed by Caliper LC90 capillary electrophoresis. The yield of purified [U-15N]-His8-Tcl-1 was 7.5 microg/ml of culture medium, of purified [U-15N]-His8-GFP was 68 microg/ml, and of purified selenomethione-labeled AIA-GFP (His8 removed by treatment with TEV protease) was 172 microg/ml. The yield information obtained from a successful automated purification from 0.4 ml was used to inform the decision to scale-up for a second meso-scale (10-50 ml) cell growth and automated purification. 1H-15N NMR HSQC spectra of His8-Tcl-1 and of His8-GFP prepared from 50 ml cultures showed excellent chemical shift dispersion, consistent with well folded states in solution suitable for structure determination. Moreover, AIA-GFP obtained by proteolytic removal of the His8 tag was subjected to crystallization screening, and yielded crystals under several conditions. Single crystals were subsequently produced and optimized by the hanging drop method. The structure was solved by molecular replacement at a resolution of 1.7 A. This approach provides an efficient way to carry out several key target screening steps that are essential for successful operation of proteomics pipelines with eukaryotic proteins: examination of total expression, determination of proteolysis of fusion tags, quantification of the yield of purified protein, and suitability for structure determination.

PubMed ID: 17985212
PMC ID: PMC2668602
Article link: J Struct Funct Genomics.
Grant support: (5T32HG002760 NHGRI NIH HHS , GM50853 NIGMS NIH HHS , U54 GM074901 NIGMS NIH HHS

Genes referenced: cat.2 ccnf igf2bp3 mbp npm2 nr4a1

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