Xenbase is experiencing difficulties due to technical problems with the University of Calgary IT infrastructure and may go temporarily offline.

Click on this message to dismiss it.
Click here to close Hello! We notice that you are using Internet Explorer, which is not supported by Xenbase and may cause the site to display incorrectly. We suggest using a current version of Chrome, FireFox, or Safari.
J Biol Chem. September 5, 2008; 283 (36): 24300-7.

Increases in intracellular calcium triggered by channelrhodopsin-2 potentiate the response of metabotropic glutamate receptor mGluR7.

Caldwell JH , Herin GA , Nagel G , Bamberg E , Scheschonka A , Betz H .

The metabotropic glutamate receptor 7a (mGluR7a), a heptahelical Galphai/o-coupled protein, has been shown to be important for presynaptic feedback inhibition at central synapses and certain forms of long term potentiation and long term depression. The intracellular C terminus of mGluR7a interacts with calmodulin in a Ca2+-dependent manner, and calmodulin antagonists have been found to abolish presynaptic inhibition of glutamate release in neurons and mGluR7a-induced activation of G-protein-activated inwardly rectifying K+ channel (GIRK) channels in HEK293 cells. Here, we characterized the Ca2+ dependence of mGluR7a signaling in Xenopus oocytes by using channelrhodopsin-2 (ChR2), a Ca2+-permeable, light-activated ion channel for triggering Ca2+ influx, and a GIRK3.1/3.2 concatemer to monitor mGluR7a responses. Application of the agonist (S)-2-amino-4-phosphonobutanoic acid (l-AP4) (1-100 microm) caused a dose-dependent inward current in high K+ solutions due to activation of GIRK channels by G-protein betagamma subunits released from mGluR7a. Elevation of intracellular free Ca2+ by light stimulation of ChR2 markedly increased the amplitude of L-AP4 responses, and this effect was attenuated by the calcium chelator 1,2-bis(2-aminophenoxy)ethane-N,N,N'',N''-tetraacetic acid tetrakis (acetoxymethyl ester). l-AP4 responses were potentiated by submembranous [Ca2+] levels within physiological ranges and with a threshold close to resting [Ca2+]i values, as determined by recording the endogenous Xenopus Ca2+-activated chloride conductance. Together, these results show that L-AP4-dependent mGluR7a signaling is potentiated by physiological levels of [Ca2+]i, consistent with a model in which presynaptic mGluR7a acts as a coincidence detector of Ca2+ influx and glutamate release.

PubMed ID: 18599484
PMC ID: PMC2528982
Article link: J Biol Chem.
Grant support: R01 26505 PHS HHS

Genes referenced: kcnj3 kcnj9

My Xenbase: [ Log-in / Register ]
version: [3.11.2]

Major funding for Xenbase is provided by the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, grant P41 HD064556