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XB-ART-397
Genome Res. June 1, 2006; 16 (6): 796-803.

Sequencing and analysis of 10,967 full-length cDNA clones from Xenopus laevis and Xenopus tropicalis reveals post-tetraploidization transcriptome remodeling.

Morin RD , Chang E , Petrescu A , Liao N , Griffith M , Chow W , Kirkpatrick R , Butterfield YS , Young AC , Stott J , Barber S , Babakaiff R , Dickson MC , Matsuo C , Wong D , Yang GS , Smailus DE , Wetherby KD , Kwong PN , Grimwood J , Brinkley CP , Brown-John M , Reddix-Dugue ND , Mayo M , Schmutz J , Beland J , Park M , Gibson S , Olson T , Bouffard GG , Tsai M , Featherstone R , Chand S , Siddiqui AS , Jang W , Lee E , Klein SL , Blakesley RW , Zeeberg BR , Narasimhan S , Weinstein JN , Pennacchio CP , Myers RM , Green ED , Wagner L , Gerhard DS , Marra MA , Jones SJ , Holt RA .


Abstract
Sequencing of full-insert clones from full-length cDNA libraries from both Xenopus laevis and Xenopus tropicalis has been ongoing as part of the Xenopus Gene Collection Initiative. Here we present 10,967 full ORF verified cDNA clones (8049 from X. laevis and 2918 from X. tropicalis) as a community resource. Because the genome of X. laevis, but not X. tropicalis, has undergone allotetraploidization, comparison of coding sequences from these two clawed (pipid) frogs provides a unique angle for exploring the molecular evolution of duplicate genes. Within our clone set, we have identified 445 gene trios, each comprised of an allotetraploidization-derived X. laevis gene pair and their shared X. tropicalis ortholog. Pairwise dN/dS, comparisons within trios show strong evidence for purifying selection acting on all three members. However, dN/dS ratios between X. laevis gene pairs are elevated relative to their X. tropicalis ortholog. This difference is highly significant and indicates an overall relaxation of selective pressures on duplicated gene pairs. We have found that the paralogs that have been lost since the tetraploidization event are enriched for several molecular functions, but have found no such enrichment in the extant paralogs. Approximately 14% of the paralogous pairs analyzed here also show differential expression indicative of subfunctionalization.

PubMed ID: 16672307
PMC ID: PMC1479861
Article link: Genome Res.
Grant support: U01 HG002155-06S1 NHGRI NIH HHS , Intramural NIH HHS, U01 HG002155 NHGRI NIH HHS , U01 HG002155-06S1 NHGRI NIH HHS , Intramural NIH HHS



References:
Adams, 2005, Pubmed[+]


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