XB-ART-40222FASEB J August 1, 2009; 23 (8): 2627-38.
RGK GTPase-dependent CaV2.1 Ca2+ channel inhibition is independent of CaVbeta-subunit-induced current potentiation.
RGK (Rad-Gem-Rem) GTPases have been described as potent negative regulators of the Ca(2+) influx via high-threshold voltage-activated Ca(2+) channels. Recent work, mostly performed on Ca(V)1.2 Ca(2+) channels, has highlighted the crucial role played by the channel auxiliary Ca(V)beta subunits and identified several GTPase and beta-subunit protein domains involved in this regulation. We now extend these conclusions by producing the first complete characterization of the effects of Gem, Rem, and Rem2 on the neuronal Ca(V)2.1 Ca(2+) channels expressed with Ca(V)beta(1) or Ca(V)beta(2) subunits. Current inhibition is limited to a decrease in amplitude with no modification in the voltage dependence or kinetics of the current. We demonstrate that this inhibition can occur for Ca(V)beta constructs with impaired capacity to induce current potentiation, but that it is lost for Ca(V)beta constructs deleted for their beta-interaction domain. The RGK C-terminal last approximately 80 amino acids are sufficient to allow potent current inhibition and in vivo beta-subunit/Gem interaction. Interestingly, although Gem and Gem carboxy-terminus induce a completely different pattern of beta-subunit cellular localization, they both potently inhibit Ca(V)2.1 channels. These data therefore set the status of neuronal Ca(V)2.1 Ca(2+) channel inhibition by RGK GTPases, emphasizing the role of short amino acid sequences of both proteins in beta-subunit binding and channel inhibition and revealing a new mechanism for channel inhibition.
PubMed ID: 19332647
Article link: FASEB J
Genes referenced: cacna1a cav2 gem rem1 rem2