XB-ART-4073Curr Biol January 20, 2004; 14 (2): 131-7.
The vertebrate Ndc80 complex contains Spc24 and Spc25 homologs, which are required to establish and maintain kinetochore-microtubule attachment.
How kinetochores bind to microtubules and move on the mitotic spindle remain unanswered questions. Multiple systems have implicated the Ndc80/Hec1 (Ndc80) kinetochore complex in kinetochore-microtubule interaction and spindle checkpoint activity. In budding yeast, Ndc80 copurifies with three additional interacting proteins: Nuf2, Spc24, and Spc25. Although functional vertebrate homologs of Ndc80 and Nuf2 exist, extensive sequence similarity searches have not uncovered homologs of Spc24 and Spc25. We have purified the xNdc80 complex to homogeneity from Xenopus egg extracts and identified two novel interacting proteins. Although the sequences have greatly diverged, we have concluded that these are the functional homologs of the yeast Spc24 and Spc25 proteins based on limited sequence similarity, common coiled-coil domains, kinetochore localization, similar phenotypes, and copurification with xNdc80 and xNuf2. Using both RNAi and antibody injection experiments, we have extended previous characterization of the complex and found that Spc24 and Spc25 are required not only to establish, but also to maintain kinetochore-microtubule attachments and metaphase alignment. In addition, we show that Spc24 and Spc25 are required for chromosomal movement to the spindle poles in anaphase.
PubMed ID: 14738735
Article link: Curr Biol
Genes referenced: ndc80 nuf2 spc24 spc25