XB-ART-41570Arthropod Struct Dev. September 1, 2010; 39 (5): 350-9.
Yolk nucleus--the complex assemblage of cytoskeleton and ER is a site of lipid droplet formation in spider oocytes.
Oocytes (future egg cells) of various animal groups often contain complex organelle assemblages (Balbiani bodies, yolk nuclei). The molecular composition and function of Balbiani bodies, such as those found in the oocytes of Xenopus laevis, have been recently recognized. In contrast, the functional significance of more complex and highly ordered yolk nuclei has not been elucidated to date. In this report we describe the structure, cytochemical content and evolution of the yolk nucleus in the oocytes of a common spider, Clubiona sp. We show that the yolk nucleus is a spherical, rather compact and persistent cytoplasmic accumulation of several different organelles. It consists predominantly of a highly elaborate cytoskeletal scaffold of condensed filamentous actin and a dense meshwork of intermediate-sized filaments. The yolk nucleus also comprises cisterns of endoplasmic reticulum, mitochondria, lipid droplets and other organelles. Nascent lipid droplets are regularly found in the cortical regions of the yolk nucleus in association with the endoplasmic reticulum. Single lipid droplets become surrounded by filamentous cages formed by intermediate filaments. Coexistence of the forming lipid droplets with the endoplasmic reticulum in the cortical zone of the yolk nucleus and their later investment by intermediate-sized filamentous cages suggest that the yolk nucleus is the birthplace of lipid droplets.
PubMed ID: 20457275
Article link: Arthropod Struct Dev.
Genes referenced: actl6a