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XB-ART-43318
Differentiation September 1, 2011; 82 (2): 108-15.

Eukaryotic initiation factor 6 (eif6) overexpression affects eye development in Xenopus laevis.

De Marco N , Tussellino M , Vitale A , Campanella C .


Abstract
The translation initiation factor eif6 has been implicated as a regulator of ribosome assembly, selective mRNA translation and apoptosis. Many of these activities depend upon the phosphorylation of eif6 serine 235 by PKC. Previous data showed that eif6 binds to the 60S ribosomal subunit when unphosphorylated, inhibiting assembly with the 40S subunit. Phosphorylation of Ser235 releases eif6 from the 60S subunit and allows assembly. eif6 acts as an anti-apoptotic factor via regulation of the bcl2/bax balance and acts selectively upstream of bcl2. This activity also depends upon phosphorylation of eif6 Ser235. One of the consequences of eif6 overexpression in Xenopus embryos is aberrant eye development. Here we evaluate the eye phenotype and show that it is transient. We show that the whole eye, particularly the retina layers, of the embryos injected with eif6-encoding mRNA recover by stage 42. Embryos over-expressing eif6 have normal expression of anterior- and brain-specific markers, indicating that outside the eye field, other neural regions appear unaffected by the eif6 injection. No eye defect was detected when morpholinos were used to reduce eif6 protein synthesis. We tested how two known pathways of eif6 function with respect to alteration of eye development. We found that injection of bcl2 did not produce the eye phenotype and eif6-bax co-injection did not rescue the eye defect, suggesting that the eye phenotype is not bearing on the anti-apoptotic role played by eif6 is not linked to its role as an anti-apoptotic factor. We also determined that PKC-dependant phosphorylation of Ser235 in eif6 is not required to produce defective eye development. These results indicate that the aberrant eye phenotype, produced by eif6 overexpression, is not directly linked to the PKC-regulated effects of eif6 on translation and ribosomal subunit interaction or on eif6 anti-apoptotic properties.

PubMed ID: 21601348
Article link: Differentiation

Genes referenced: bax bcl2 egr2 eif6 en2 fgf8 myc nrl otx2 pax6 rax rbpms six3 sox2
Antibodies: Bcl2l1 Ab1
Morpholinos: eif6 MO1


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