XB-ART-4361Biochem Pharmacol December 15, 2003; 66 (12): 2397-407.
Naturally occurring 2''-hydroxyl-substituted flavonoids as high-affinity benzodiazepine site ligands.
Screening of traditional medicines has proven invaluable to drug development and discovery. Utilizing activity-guided purification, we previously reported the isolation of a list of flavonoids from the medicinal herb Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi, one of which manifested an affinity for the benzodiazepine receptor (BDZR) comparable to that of the synthetic anxiolytic diazepam (K(i)=6.4 nM). In the present study, this high-affinity, naturally occurring flavonoid derivative, 5,7,2''-trihydroxy-6,8-dimethoxyflavone (K36), was chosen for further functional and behavioral characterization. K36 inhibited [3H]flunitrazepam binding to native BDZR with a K(i) value of 6.05 nM. In electrophysiological experiments K36 potentiated currents mediated by rat recombinant alpha(1)beta(2)gamma(2) GABA(A) receptors expressed in Xenopus oocytes. This potentiation was characterized by a threshold (1 nM) and half-maximal stimulation (24 nM) similar to diazepam. This enhancement was demonstrated to act via the BDZR, since co-application of 1 microM of the BDZR antagonist Ro15-1788 reversed the potentiation. Oral administration of K36 produced significant BDZR-mediated anxiolysis in the mice elevated plus-maze, which was abolished upon co-administration of Ro15-1788. Sedation, myorelaxation and motor incoordination were not observed in the chosen dosage regimen. Structure-activity relationships utilizing synthetic flavonoids with different 2'' substituents on the flavone backbone supported that 2''-hydroxyl-substitution is a critical moiety on flavonoids with regard to BDZR affinities. These results further underlined the potential of flavonoids as therapeutics for the treatment of BDZR-associated syndromes.
PubMed ID: 14637197
Article link: Biochem Pharmacol