Leuk Lymphoma. March 1, 2012; 53 (3):
A novel Aurora kinase A inhibitor MK-8745 predicts TPX2 as a therapeutic biomarker in non-Hodgkin lymphoma cell lines.
Chowdhury A , Chowdhury S , Tsai MY .
AbstractSelective small-molecule kinase inhibitors have encouraging clinical efficacy in several malignancies. These agents are still limited to a subset of patients, indicating the need to develop therapeutic biomarkers that influence clinical benefit. In this study, we demonstrate that treatment with MK-8745, a novel Aurora-A specific inhibitor, leads to cell cycle arrest at the G2/M phase with accumulation of tetraploid nuclei followed by cell death in non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) cell lines. The sensitivity of the cell lines to MK-8745 is correlated with the expression level of Aurora-A activator. The siRNA knockdown of Aurora-A activator TPX2 (targeting protein for Xenopus kinase-like protein 2) increased MK-8745 sensitivity in less-MK-8745-sensitive NHL cell lines, whereas overexpression of TPX2 in high-MK-8745-sensitive NHL cell lines increased drug resistance. Our results indicate that TPX2 may serve as a biomarker for identifying subpopulations of patients sensitive to Aurora-A inhibitor treatment.
Pubmed Id: 21879811Article link: Leuk Lymphoma.
1P20RR018759 NCRR NIH HHS