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Dev Biol December 1, 2003; 264 (1): 289-98.

Characterization of the acrosome reaction-inducing substance in Xenopus (ARISX) secreted from the oviductal pars recta onto the vitelline envelope.

Ueda Y , Kubo H , Iwao Y .

We previously demonstrated that Xenopus sperm undergo an acrosome reaction on the vitelline envelope (VE) in response to the materials secreted from the oviductal pars recta [Dev. Biol. 243 (2002), 55]. A monoclonal antibody against the acrosome reaction-inducing substance in Xenopus (ARISX) was obtained by immunizing mice with pars recta extract (PRE). The acrosome reaction by PRE or on the VE was effectively inhibited by the intact anti-ARISX antibody as well as its Fab fragment, indicating that the antibody recognizes the epitopes localized on the acrosome reaction-inducing substance. On Western blots, the anti-ARISX antibody recognized a molecule with an apparent molecular mass of 300 kDa in PRE and in the VE, but this molecule was not detected in the coelomic envelope. The amount of ARISX in PRE was increased by the treatment of females with pregnant mare serum gonadotropin. Periodate oxidation of PRE completely abolished the acrosome reaction-inducing activity, indicating the involvement of the carbohydrate moieties of ARISX in inducing the acrosome reaction. On immunofluorescence observation, ARISX was localized in the epithelial cells in the posterior region of the pars recta and on the VE as fibrous structures.

PubMed ID: 14623249
Article link: Dev Biol