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J Membr Biol March 1, 2012; 245 (3): 157-63.

Downregulation of the creatine transporter SLC6A8 by JAK2.

Shojaiefard M , Hosseinzadeh Z , Bhavsar SK , Lang F .

Janus-activated kinase-2 (JAK2) participates in the regulation of the Na⁺-coupled glucose transporter SGLT1 and the Na⁺-coupled amino acid transporter SLC6A19. Concentrative cellular creatine uptake is similarly accomplished by Na⁺-coupled transport. The carrier involved is SLC6A8 (CreaT). The present study thus explored whether JAK2 regulates the activity of SLC6A8. To this end, cRNA encoding SLC6A8 was injected into Xenopus oocytes with or without cRNA encoding wild-type JAK2, constitutively active (V617F)JAK2 or inactive (K882E)JAK2. Electrogenic creatine transport was determined in those oocytes by dual-electrode voltage-clamp experiments. In oocytes injected with cRNA encoding SLC6A8 but not in oocytes injected with water or with cRNA encoding JAK2 alone, addition of 1 mM creatine to the extracellular bath generated an inward current (I (crea)). In SLC6A8 expressing oocytes I (crea) was significantly decreased by coexpression of JAK2 or (V617F)JAK2 but not by coexpression of (K882E)JAK2. According to kinetic analysis, coexpression of JAK2 decreased the maximal transport rate without significantly modifying the affinity of the carrier. In oocytes expressing SLC6A8 and (V617F)JAK2 I (crea) was gradually increased by the JAK2 inhibitor AG490 (40 μM). In SLC6A8 and JAK2 coexpressing oocytes the decline of I (crea) following disruption of carrier insertion with brefeldin A (5 μM) was similar in the absence and presence of JAK2. In conclusion, JAK2 is a novel regulator of the creatine transporter SLC6A8, which downregulates the carrier, presumably by interference with carrier protein insertion into the cell membrane.

PubMed ID: 22407360
Article link: J Membr Biol

Species referenced: Xenopus
Genes referenced: jak2 slc5a1.2 slc6a19 slc6a8

References [+] :
Alcaide, Defining the pathogenicity of creatine deficiency syndrome. 2011, Pubmed