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XB-ART-45974
Nat Protoc October 1, 2012; 7 (10): 1847-69.

A cell-free system for functional centromere and kinetochore assembly.

Guse A , Fuller CJ , Straight AF .


Abstract
This protocol describes a cell-free system for studying vertebrate centromere and kinetochore formation. We reconstitute tandem arrays of centromere protein A (CENP-A) nucleosomes as a substrate for centromere and kinetochore assembly. These chromatin substrates are immobilized on magnetic beads and then incubated in Xenopus egg extracts that provide a source for centromere and kinetochore proteins and that can be cycled between mitotic and interphase cell cycle states. This cell-free system lends itself to use in protein immunodepletion, complementation and drug inhibition as a tool to perturb centromere and kinetochore assembly, cytoskeletal dynamics, DNA modification and protein post-translational modification. This system provides a distinct advantage over cell-based investigations in which perturbing centromere and kinetochore function often results in lethality. After incubation in egg extract, reconstituted CENP-A chromatin specifically assembles centromere and kinetochore proteins, which locally stabilize microtubules and, on microtubule depolymerization with nocodazole, activate the mitotic checkpoint. A typical experiment takes 3 d.

PubMed ID: 23018190
PMC ID: PMC4011387
Article link: Nat Protoc
Grant support: [+]


References [+] :
Akiyoshi, Quantitative proteomic analysis of purified yeast kinetochores identifies a PP1 regulatory subunit. 2009, Pubmed