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XB-ART-46065
Acta Biochim Biophys Sin (Shanghai) November 1, 2012; 44 (11): 939-47.

Maternal Mga is required for Wnt signaling and organizer formation in the early Xenopus embryo.

Gu F , Shi H , Gao L , Zhang H , Tao Q .


Abstract
Maternal Wnt11 is both necessary and sufficient for the formation of Spemann organizer in Xenopus embryo. Xnr3 and Siamois have been identified as the direct target genes of maternal Wnt11/β-catenin during organizer induction. The depletion of maternal XTcf3 resulted in the ectopic expression of Xnr3 and Siamois, suggesting the activity of β-catenin/XTcf3 is strictly regulated in the early Xenopus embryos. Here, we show that Xenopus mga (Xmga) is a maternal gene required for dorsal axis formation. Overexpression experiments indicate that mouse Mga potentiates the activity of β-catenin in the induction of organizer-specific genes. Depletion of maternal Xmga results in the dramatic decrease of the expression of organizer genes and ventralization phenotype, indicating that Xmga is required for β-catenin function and organizer formation. Depletion of XTcf3 cannot rescue organizer gene expression and axis formation in Xmga-depleted embryos, suggesting Xmga is downstream of XTcf3 during organizer induction. We conclude that maternal Xmga is critical for the function of β-catenin during organizer formation and dorsal development of Xenopus embryo. To our knowledge, this is a report for the first time to implicate Mga in regulating Wnt signaling.

PubMed ID: 23070227
Article link: Acta Biochim Biophys Sin (Shanghai)

Genes referenced: mga nodal3.1 nodal3.2 sia1 tcf3 tcf7l1 wnt11



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