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XB-ART-46521
PLoS One January 1, 2012; 7 (12): e53097.

Amino acid- vs. peptide-odorants: responses of individual olfactory receptor neurons in an aquatic species.

Hassenklöver T , Pallesen LP , Schild D , Manzini I .


Abstract
Amino acids are widely used waterborne olfactory stimuli proposed to serve as cues in the search for food. In natural waters the main source of amino acids is the decomposition of proteins. But this process also produces a variety of small peptides as intermediate cleavage products. In the present study we tested whether amino acids actually are the natural and adequate stimuli for the olfactory receptors they bind to. Alternatively, these olfactory receptors could be peptide receptors which also bind amino acids though at lower affinity. Employing calcium imaging in acute slices of the main olfactory epithelium of the fully aquatic larvae of Xenopus laevis we show that amino acids, and not peptides, are more effective waterborne odorants.

PubMed ID: 23300867
PMC ID: PMC3531423
Article link: PLoS One




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References [+] :
Bischofberger, Glutamate and N-acetylaspartylglutamate block HVA calcium currents in frog olfactory bulb interneurons via an mGluR2/3-like receptor. 1997, Pubmed, Xenbase