The cardiac homeobox gene NKX2-5 is deregulated by juxtaposition with BCL11B in pediatric T-ALL cell lines via a novel t(5;14)(q35.1;q32.2).
A cryptic chromosome rearrangement, t(5;14)(q35.1;q32.2), recently identified in pediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), targets activation of TLX3 at 5q35.1 by juxtaposition with a region downstream of BCL11B at 14q32.2. We describe a novel variant t(5;14) whereby NKX2-5, a related (NK-like family) homeobox gene located approximately 2 Mb telomeric of TLX3, juxtaposes BCL11B in a subset of T-cell ALL cell lines. In this t(5;14) variant, NKX2-5 is expressed instead of TLX3 at both RNA and protein levels. Subsequent expression screening failed to detect involvement of additional NK-like genes in T-cell ALL cells. Our data pinpoint a regulatory region far downstream of BCL11B effecting ectopic homeobox gene activation. This study also identifies in vitro models for both t(5;14) variants and raises questions about diagnostic fluorescence in situ hybridization/reverse transcription-PCR screening in ALL.
PubMed ID: 14500364
Article link: Cancer Res.
Genes referenced: bcl11b nkx2-5 tlx3