Intersectin activates Ras but stimulates transcription through an independent pathway involving JNK.
Intersectin (ITSN) is a molecular scaffold involved in regulating endocytosis and mitogenic signaling. We previously demonstrated that ITSN transformed rodent fibroblasts, accelerated hormone-induced maturation of Xenopus oocytes, and activated the Elk-1 transcription factor through an MEK- and Erk-independent mechanism. We now demonstrate that ITSN complexes with the Ras guanine nucleotide exchange factor Sos1 leading to increased RasGTP levels. Using fluorescence resonant energy transfer analysis, we demonstrate that ITSN complexes with Ras in living cells leading to Ras activation on intracellular vesicles. These vesicles contain epidermal growth factor receptor but are distinct from transferrin-positive vesicles. However, Ras is not required for ITSN stimulation of transcription. Rather, we demonstrate that ITSN signals through JNK to activate Elk-1. Although ITSN activation of Elk-1 was Ras-independent, ITSN cooperates with Ras to synergistically activate JNK. These findings indicate that ITSN activates multiple intracellular signaling pathways and suggest that this adaptor protein may coordinately regulate the activity of these pathways in vivo.
PubMed ID: 12970366
Article link: J Biol Chem.
Genes referenced: elk1 mapk1 mapk8 sos1 tf