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Cell Physiol Biochem January 1, 2013; 31 (4-5): 638-48.

Down-regulation of Na/K+ atpase activity by human parvovirus B19 capsid protein VP1.

Almilaji A , Szteyn K , Fein E , Pakladok T , Munoz C , Elvira B , Towhid ST , Alesutan I , Shumilina E , Bock CT , Kandolf R , Lang F .

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Human parvovirus B19 (B19V) may cause inflammatory cardiomyopathy (iCMP) which is accompanied by endothelial dysfunction. The B19V capsid protein VP1 contains a lysophosphatidylcholine producing phospholipase A2 (PLA) sequence. Lysophosphatidylcholine has in turn been shown to inhibit Na(+)/K(+) ATPase. The present study explored whether VP1 modifies Na(+)/K(+) ATPase activity. METHODS: Xenopus oocytes were injected with cRNA encoding VP1 isolated from a patient suffering from fatal B19V-iCMP or cRNA encoding PLA2-negative VP1 mutant (H153A) and K(+) induced pump current (I(pump)) as well as ouabain-inhibited current (I(ouabain)) both reflecting Na(+)/K(+)-ATPase activity were determined by dual electrode voltage clamp. RESULTS: Injection of cRNA encoding VP1, but not of VP1(H153A) or water, was followed by a significant decrease of both, I(pump) and I(ouabain) in Xenopus oocytes. The effect was not modified by inhibition of transcription with actinomycin (10 µM for 36 hours) but was abrogated in the presence of PLA2 specific blocker 4-bromophenacylbromide (50 µM) and was mimicked by lysophosphatidylcholine (0.5 - 1 µg/ml). According to whole cell patch clamp, lysophosphatidylcholine (1 µg /ml) similarly decreased I(pump) in human microvascular endothelial cells (HMEC). CONCLUSION: The B19V capsid protein VP1 is a powerful inhibitor of host cell Na(+)/K(+) ATPase, an effect at least partially due to phospholipase A2 (PLA2) dependent formation of lysophosphatidylcholine.

PubMed ID: 23689698
Article link: Cell Physiol Biochem

Species referenced: Xenopus laevis
Genes referenced: pla2g1b