Click here to close Hello! We notice that you are using Internet Explorer, which is not supported by Xenbase and may cause the site to display incorrectly. We suggest using a current version of Chrome, FireFox, or Safari.
Development. August 1, 2013; 140 (15): 3095-106.

ERF and ETV3L are retinoic acid-inducible repressors required for primary neurogenesis.

Janesick A , Abbey R , Chung C , Liu S , Taketani M , Blumberg B .

Cells in the developing neural tissue demonstrate an exquisite balance between proliferation and differentiation. Retinoic acid (RA) is required for neuronal differentiation by promoting expression of proneural and neurogenic genes. We show that RA acts early in the neurogenic pathway by inhibiting expression of neural progenitor markers Geminin and Foxd4l1, thereby promoting differentiation. Our screen for RA target genes in early Xenopus development identified Ets2 Repressor Factor (Erf) and the closely related ETS repressors Etv3 and Etv3-like (Etv3l). Erf and Etv3l are RA responsive and inhibit the action of ETS genes downstream of FGF signaling, placing them at the intersection of RA and growth factor signaling. We hypothesized that RA regulates primary neurogenesis by inducing Erf and Etv3l to antagonize proliferative signals. Loss-of-function analysis showed that Erf and Etv3l are required to inhibit proliferation of neural progenitors to allow differentiation, whereas overexpression of Erf led to an increase in the number of primary neurons. Therefore, these RA-induced ETS repressors are key components of the proliferation-differentiation switch during primary neurogenesis in vivo.

PubMed ID: 23824578
Article link: Development.

Genes referenced: ddx20 erf ets2 etv3 etv3l foxd4l1.1 gmnn hist1h4d rab40b rara rarg

Morpholinos referenced: aldh1a2 MO3 cyp26a1 MO1 erf MO1 erf MO2 etv3 MO1 etv3l MO1 rara MO1 rara MO2 rara MO3 rara MO5 rara MO6 rarg MO1 rarg MO2

External Resources:
Article Images: [+] show captions

Xenbase: The Xenopus laevis and X. tropicalis resource.
Version: 4.9.1
Major funding for Xenbase is provided by the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, grant P41 HD064556