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XB-ART-48707
Nucleus January 1, 2014; 5 (1): 40-6.

Nuclear assembly shaped by microtubule dynamics.

Xue JZ , Funabiki H .


Abstract
Maintenance of nuclear architecture is crucial for gene regulation, cell proliferation and tissue development. However, during every open mitosis and meiosis, chromosomes are exposed to cytoskeletal forces until they are fully reassembled into mature nuclei. Here we discuss our recent study of nuclear assembly in Xenopus egg extracts, where we showed that the DNA binding protein Developmental pluripotency associated 2 (Dppa2) directly inhibits microtubule polymerization during nuclear formation, and that this is essential for normal nuclear shape and replication. We explore mechanisms by which microtubule dynamics could regulate nuclear formation and morphology, and discuss the importance of both spatial and temporal regulation of microtubules in this process. Moreover, expression of Dppa2 is limited to the early embryo and pluripotent tissues, and we highlight the specific demands of mitosis in these often rapidly dividing cells, in which telophase nuclear assembly must be expedited and may facilitate developmental changes in nuclear architecture.

PubMed ID: 24637392
PMC ID: PMC4028354
Article link: Nucleus
Grant support: [+]
Genes referenced: dppa2


Article Images: [+] show captions
References [+] :
Abrams, Dynamic assembly of brambleberry mediates nuclear envelope fusion during early development. 2012, Pubmed


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