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Cell Death Differ April 1, 2015; 22 (4): 677-89.

CD44 functions in Wnt signaling by regulating LRP6 localization and activation.

Schmitt M , Metzger M , Gradl D , Davidson G , Orian-Rousseau V .

Wnt reception at the membrane is complex and not fully understood. CD44 is a major Wnt target gene in the intestine and is essential for Wnt-induced tumor progression in colorectal cancer. Here we show that CD44 acts as a positive regulator of the Wnt receptor complex. Downregulation of CD44 expression decreases, whereas CD44 overexpression increases Wnt activity in a concentration-dependent manner. Epistasis experiments place CD44 function at the level of the Wnt receptor LRP6. Mechanistically, CD44 physically associates with LRP6 upon Wnt treatment and modulates LRP6 membrane localization. Moreover, CD44 regulates Wnt signaling in the developing brain of Xenopus laevis embryos as shown by a decreased expression of Wnt targets tcf-4 and en-2 in CD44 morphants.

PubMed ID: 25301071
PMC ID: PMC4356338
Article link: Cell Death Differ

Genes referenced: cd44 en2 lrp6 tcf4
Morpholinos: cd44 MO2

References [+] :
Aberle, beta-catenin is a target for the ubiquitin-proteasome pathway. 1997, Pubmed

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