XB-ART-49992Kidney Int October 14, 2017; 728-37.
Janus kinase 3 regulates renal 25-hydroxyvitamin D 1α-hydroxylase expression, calcitriol formation, and phosphate metabolism.
Calcitriol, a powerful regulator of phosphate metabolism and immune response, is generated by 25-hydroxyvitamin D 1-hydroxylase in the kidney and macrophages. Renal 1-hydroxylase expression is suppressed by Klotho and FGF23, the expression of which is stimulated by calcitriol. Interferon (INF) regulates 1-hydroxylase expression in macrophages through transcription factor interferon regulatory factor-1. INF-signaling includes Janus kinase 3 (JAK3) but a role of JAK3 in the regulation of 1-hydroxylase expression and mineral metabolism has not been shown. Thus, the impact of JAK3 deficiency on calcitriol formation and phosphate metabolism was measured. Renal interferon regulatory factor-1 and 1-hydroxylase transcript levels, serum calcitriol and FGF23 levels, intestinal phosphate absorption as well as absolute and fractional renal phosphate excretion were significantly higher in jak3 knockout than in wild-type mice. Coexpression of JAK3 increased the phosphate-induced current in renal sodium-phosphate cotransporter-expressing Xenopus oocytes. Thus, JAK3 is a powerful regulator of 1-hydroxylase expression and phosphate transport. Its deficiency leads to marked derangement of phosphate metabolism.
PubMed ID: 25493954
Article link: Kidney Int
Genes referenced: fgf23.1 jak3
White, 2015, Pubmed