XB-ART-49996J Membr Biol April 1, 2015; 248 (2): 223-9.
Down-regulation of inwardly rectifying Kir2.1 K+ channels by human parvovirus B19 capsid protein VP1.
Parvovirus B19 (B19V) has previously been shown to cause endothelial dysfunction. B19V capsid protein VP1 harbors a lysophosphatidylcholine producing phospholipase A2 (PLA2). Lysophosphatidylcholine inhibits Na(+)/K(+) ATPase, which in turn may impact on the activity of inwardly rectifying K(+) channels. The present study explored whether VP1 modifies the activity of Kir2.1 K(+) channels. cRNA encoding Kir2.1 was injected into Xenopus oocytes without or with cRNA encoding VP1 isolated from a patient suffering from fatal B19V-induced inflammatory cardiomyopathy or the VP1 mutant (H153A)VP1 lacking a functional PLA2 activity. K(+) channel activity was determined by dual electrode voltage clamp. In addition, Na(+)/K(+)-ATPase activity was estimated from K(+)-induced pump current (I(pump)) and ouabain-inhibited current (I(ouabain)). Injection of cRNA encoding Kir2.1 into Xenopus oocytes was followed by appearance of inwardly rectifying K(+) channel activity (I(K)), which was significantly decreased by additional injection of cRNA encoding VP1, but not by additional injection of cRNA encoding (H153A)VP1. The effect of VP1 on I K was mimicked by lysophosphatidylcholine (1 μg/ml) and by inhibition of Na(+)/K(+)-ATPase with 0.1 mM ouabain. In the presence of lysophosphatidylcholine, I K was not further decreased by additional treatment with ouabain. The B19V capsid protein VP1 thus inhibits Kir2.1 channels, an effect at least partially due to PLA2-dependent formation of lysophosphatidylcholine with subsequent inhibition of Na(+)/K(+)-ATPase activity.
PubMed ID: 25487255
Article link: J Membr Biol
Genes referenced: kcnj2 pla2g1b