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Pflugers Arch October 1, 2014; 466 (10): 1885-97.

Structural basis of PI(4,5)P2-dependent regulation of GluA1 by phosphatidylinositol-5-phosphate 4-kinase, type II, alpha (PIP5K2A).

Seebohm G , Wrobel E , Pusch M , Dicks M , Terhag J , Matschke V , Rothenberg I , Ursu ON , Hertel F , Pott L , Lang F , Schulze-Bahr E , Hollmann M , Stoll R , Strutz-Seebohm N .

Ionotropic glutamate receptors are the most important excitatory receptors in the central nervous system, and their impairment can lead to multiple neuronal diseases. Here, we show that glutamate-induced currents in oocytes expressing GluA1 are increased by coexpression of the schizophrenia-associated phosphoinositide kinase PIP5K2A. This effect was due to enhanced membrane abundance and was blunted by a point mutation (N251S) in PIP5K2A. An increase in GluA1 currents was also observed upon acute injection of PI(4,5)P2, the main product of PIP5K2A. By expression of wild-type and mutant PIP5K2A in human embryonic kidney cells, we were able to provide evidence of impaired kinase activity of the mutant PIP5K2A. We defined the region K813-K823 of GluA1 as critical for the PI(4,5)P2 effect by performing an alanine scan that suggested PI(4,5)P2 binding to this area. A PIP strip assay revealed PI(4,5)P2 binding to the C-terminal GluA1 peptide. The present observations disclose a novel mechanism in the regulation of GluA1.

PubMed ID: 24389605
PMC ID: PMC4159565
Article link: Pflugers Arch

Species referenced: Xenopus
Genes referenced: canx pip4k2a pip4k2b

Article Images: [+] show captions
References [+] :
Altschul, Gapped BLAST and PSI-BLAST: a new generation of protein database search programs. 1997, Pubmed