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Kidney Blood Press Res January 1, 2015; 40 (6): 555-64.

Up-Regulation of Intestinal Phosphate Transporter NaPi-IIb (SLC34A2) by the Kinases SPAK and OSR1.

Fezai M , Elvira B , Warsi J , Ben-Attia M , Hosseinzadeh Z , Lang F .

BACKGROUND/AIMS: SPAK (SPS1-related proline/alanine-rich kinase) and OSR1 (oxidative stress-responsive kinase 1), kinases controlled by WNK (with-no-K[Lys] kinase), are powerful regulators of cellular ion transport and blood pressure. Observations in gene-targeted mice disclosed an impact of SPAK/OSR1 on phosphate metabolism. The present study thus tested whether SPAK and/or OSR1 contributes to the regulation of the intestinal Na(+)-coupled phosphate co-transporter NaPi-IIb (SLC34A2). METHODS: cRNA encoding NaPi-IIb was injected into Xenopus laevis oocytes without or with additional injection of cRNA encoding wild-type SPAK, constitutively active (T233E)SPAK, WNK insensitive (T233A)SPAK, catalytically inactive (D212A)SPAK, wild-type OSR1, constitutively active (T185E)OSR1, WNK insensitive (T185A)OSR1 or catalytically inactive (D164A)OSR1. The phosphate (1 mM)-induced inward current (I(Pi)) was taken as measure of phosphate transport. RESULTS: I(Pi) was observed in NaPi-IIb expressing oocytes but not in water injected oocytes, and was significantly increased by co-expression of SPAK, (T233E)SPAK, OSR1, (T185E)OSR1 or SPAK+OSR1, but not by co-expression of (T233A)SPAK, (D212A)SPAK, (T185A)OSR1, or (D164A)OSR1. SPAK and OSR1 both increased the maximal transport rate of the carrier. CONCLUSIONS: SPAK and OSR1 are powerful stimulators of the intestinal Na+-coupled phosphate co-transporter NaPi-IIb.

PubMed ID: 26506223
Article link: Kidney Blood Press Res

Species referenced: Xenopus laevis
Genes referenced: osr1 slc34a2 stk39