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XB-ART-5180
J Biol Chem August 15, 2003; 278 (33): 30788-95.

Fusion protein of retinoic acid receptor alpha with promyelocytic leukemia protein or promyelocytic leukemia zinc finger protein recruits N-CoR-TBLR1 corepressor complex to repress transcription in vivo.

Tomita A , Buchholz DR , Obata K , Shi YB .


Abstract
Fusion proteins of retinoic acid receptor alpha (RARalpha) with promyelocytic leukemia protein (PML-RARalpha) or with promyelocytic leukemia zinc finger protein (PLZF-RARalpha) are associated with and likely responsible for the development of acute promyelocytic leukemia. These oncoproteins retain the ability to bind DNA and retinoic acid through the RARalpha moiety. This enables them to repress RARalpha target genes in the absence of retinoic acid, but the underlying mechanisms remain to be investigated. Here we use the frog oocyte system to study transcriptional regulation by PML-RARalpha and PLZF-RARalpha in the context of chromatin. We first show that the endogenous corepressor N-CoR forms a complex with TBLR1 (transducin beta-like protein 1-related protein) and that both N-CoR and TBLR1 can interact with unliganded PML-RARalpha and PLZF-RARalpha in vivo. Using chromatin immunoprecipitation, we demonstrate that both oncoproteins recruit TBLR1, as well as N-CoR, to its target promoter, leading to histone deacetylation and transcriptional repression. Furthermore, expression of a dominant negative N-CoR that contains the TBLR1-interacting domain blocks transcription repression by unliganded PML-RARalpha and PLZF-RARalpha. Thus, our studies provide in vivo evidence for targeted recruitment of N-CoR-TBLR1 complexes by PML-RARalpha and PLZF-RARalpha in transcriptional repression in the context of chromatin.

PubMed ID: 12794076
Article link: J Biol Chem


Species referenced: Xenopus laevis
Genes referenced: gnat1 ncor1 tbl1xr1 zbtb16