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Oncotarget June 7, 2016; 7 (23): 35327-40.

Zinc- and bicarbonate-dependent ZIP8 transporter mediates selenite uptake.

McDermott JR , Geng X , Jiang L , Gálvez-Peralta M , Chen F , Nebert DW , Liu Z .

Selenite (HSeO3-) is a monovalent anion of the essential trace element and micronutrient selenium (Se). In therapeutic concentrations, HSeO3- has been studied for treating certain cancers, serious inflammatory disorders, and septic shock. Little is known, however, about HSeO3- uptake into mammalian cells; until now, no mammalian HSeO3- uptake transporter has been identified. The ubiquitous mammalian ZIP8 divalent cation transporter (encoded by the SLC39A8 gene) is bicarbonate-dependent, moving endogenous substrates (Zn2+, Mn2+, Fe2+ or Co2+) and nonessential metals such as Cd2+ into the cell. Herein we studied HSeO3- uptake in: human and mouse cell cultures, shRNA-knockdown experiments, Xenopus oocytes, wild-type mice and two transgenic mouse lines having genetically altered ZIP8 expression, and mouse erythrocytes ex vivo. In mammalian cell culture, excess Zn2+ levels and/or ZIP8 over-expression can be associated with diminished viability in selenite-treated cells. Intraperitoneal HSeO3- causes the largest ZIP8-dependent increases in intracellular Se content in liver, followed by kidney, heart, lung and spleen. In every model system studied, HSeO3- uptake is tightly associated with ZIP8 protein levels and sufficient Zn2+ and HCO3- concentrations, suggesting that the ZIP8-mediated electroneutral complex transported contains three ions: Zn2+/(HCO3-)(HSeO3-). Transporters having three different ions in their transport complex are not without precedent. Although there might be other HSeO3- influx transporters as yet undiscovered, data herein suggest that mammalian ZIP8 plays a major role in HSeO3- uptake.

PubMed ID: 27166256
PMC ID: PMC5085232
Article link: Oncotarget
Grant support: [+]
Genes referenced: slc39a8

Article Images: [+] show captions
References [+] :
Bernotiene, The effects of cadmium chloride and sodium selenite on protein synthesis in mouse liver. 2013, Pubmed

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