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XB-ART-52256
Sci Rep. September 28, 2016; 6 28535.

Wide and high resolution tension measurement using FRET in embryo.

Yamashita S , Tsuboi T , Ishinabe N , Kitaguchi T , Michiue T .


Abstract
During embryonic development, physical force plays an important role in morphogenesis and differentiation. Stretch sensitive fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) has the potential to provide non-invasive tension measurements inside living tissue. In this study, we introduced a FRET-based actinin tension sensor into Xenopus laevis embryos and demonstrated that this sensor captures variation of tension across differentiating ectoderm. The actinin tension sensor, containing mCherry and EGFP connected by spider silk protein, was validated in human embryonic kidney (HEK) cells and embryos. It co-localized with actin filaments and changed FRET efficiencies in response to actin filament destruction, myosin deactivation, and osmotic perturbation. Time-lapse FRET analysis showed that the prospective neural ectoderm bears higher tension than the epidermal ectoderm during gastrulation and neurulation, and cells morphogenetic behavior correlated with the tension difference. These data confirmed that the sensor enables us to measure tension across tissues concurrently and with high resolution.

PubMed ID: 27335157
PMC ID: PMC4917836
Article link: Sci Rep.

Genes referenced: actn1


References:
Barrio, 2013, Pubmed[+]


Article Images: [+] show captions

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