XB-ART-52464Cell Physiol Biochem January 1, 2016; 39 (4): 1444-52.
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Inherited, autosomal dominant spinocerebellar ataxia type 11 (SCA11) is caused by loss of function mutations of TTBK2 (tau tubulin kinase 2). Mutations observed in patients with SCA11 include truncated TTBK2(450). The present study explored the possibility that TTBK2 influences the function of the glutamate receptor GluK2. METHODS: GluK2 was expressed in Xenopus oocytes without and with additional expression of wild type TTBK2, the truncated mutant TTBK2(450), or the kinase dead mutants TTBK2(KD) and TTBK2(450/KD). GluK2 current was determined by dual electrode voltage clamp and GluK2 protein abundance in the cell membrane utilizing confocal microscopy. RESULTS: Glutamate exposure of GluK2 expressing oocytes generated a current, which was significantly lower in oocytes expressing GluK2 together with TTBK2 wt or TTBK2(KD) than in oocytes expressing GluK2 alone or together with either TTBK2(450) or TTBK2(450/KD). According to confocal microscopy of EGFP-tagged GluK2, TTBK2 wt decreased the GluK2 protein abundance in the cell membrane. Overexpression of an inactive RAB5(N133I) mutant but not RAB5wt could reverse the TTBK2 effect on GluK2 suggesting that RAB5 function is required for the effect. CONCLUSIONS: TTBK2 down-regulates GluK2 activity by decreasing the receptor protein abundance in the cell membrane via RAB5-dependent endocytosis, an effect that may protect against neuroexcitotoxicity.
PubMed ID: 27607061
Article link: Cell Physiol Biochem
Genes referenced: mapt rab5a ttbk2