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Regul Pept June 15, 2003; 114 (1): 37-43.

Molecular cloning of an unusual bicistronic cholecystokinin receptor mRNA expressed in chicken brain: a structural and functional expression study.

Nilsson IB , Svensson SP , Monstein HJ .

This report describes the molecular cloning and pharmacological characterization of a transiently expressed chicken brain cholecystokinin receptor (CCK-CHR) in COS-7 cells. A polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based cloning strategy was applied using: (1) an initial PCR with deoxyinosine-containing primers designed to target conserved regions in CCK receptors, followed by (2) rapid amplification of cDNA ends (RACE), and (3) full-length PCR of the CCK-CHR cDNA. The full-length cloned bicistronic CCK-CHR cDNA contained a short upstream open reading frame (uORF) coding for a putative six-amino-acid-long peptide of unknown function, followed by a long open reading frame (lORF) encoding the 436-amino-acid-long CCK-CHR receptor protein. At the amino acid level, the CCK-CHR shared approximately 50% homology with mammalian and Xenopus laevis CCK receptors. The pharmacological profile of CCK-CHR resembled that of CCK-B receptors using agonists (CCK-8, CCK-4, gastrin-17), whereas CCK-CHR showed higher affinity for the CCK-A receptor antagonist, devazepide, than for the CCK-B receptor antagonist, L-365,260. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first description and functional expression study of a cloned chicken CCK receptor cDNA.

PubMed ID: 12763638
Article link: Regul Pept

Genes referenced: cck cckar cckbr gast

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