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Cell Physiol Biochem January 1, 2016; 40 (6): 1549-1558.

The Natural Plant Product Rottlerin Activates Kv7.1/KCNE1 Channels.

Matschke V , Piccini I , Schubert J , Wrobel E , Lang F , Matschke J , Amedonu E , Meuth SG , Strünker T , Strutz-Seebohm N , Greber B , Scherkenbeck J , Seebohm G .

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Acquired as well as inherited channelopathies are disorders that are caused by altered ion channel function. A family of channels whose malfunction is associated with different channelopathies is the Kv7 K+ channel family; and restoration of normal Kv7 channel function by small molecule modulators is a promising approach for treatment of these often fatal diseases. METHODS: Here, we show the modulation of Kv7 channels by the natural compound Rottlerin heterologously expressed in Xenopus laevis oocytes and on iPSC cardiomyocytes overexpressing Kv7.1 channels. RESULTS: We show that currents carried by Kv7.1 (EC50 = 1.48 μM), Kv7.1/KCNE1 (EC50 = 4.9 μM), and Kv7.4 (EC50 = 0.148 μM) are strongly enhanced by the compound, whereas Kv7.2, Kv7.2/Kv7.3, and Kv7.5 are not sensitive to Rottlerin. Studies on Kv7.1/KCNE1 mutants and in silico modelling indicate that Rottlerin binds to the R-L3-activator site. Rottlerin mediated activation of Kv7.1/KCNE1 channels might be a promising approach in long QT syndrome. As a proof of concept, we show that Rottlerin shortens cardiac repolarisation in iPSC-derived cardiomyocytes expressing Kv7.1. CONCLUSION: Rottlerin or an optimized derivative holds a potential as QT interval correcting drug.

PubMed ID: 27997884
Article link: Cell Physiol Biochem

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