Click here to close Hello! We notice that you are using Internet Explorer, which is not supported by Xenbase and may cause the site to display incorrectly. We suggest using a current version of Chrome, FireFox, or Safari.
XB-ART-53078
Elife. September 25, 2017; 6

Origin and evolution of transporter substrate specificity within the NPF family.

Jørgensen ME , Xu D , Crocoll C , Ramírez D , Motawia MS , Olsen CE , Nour-Eldin HH , Halkier BA .


Abstract
Despite vast diversity in metabolites and the matching substrate specificity of their transporters, little is known about how evolution of transporter substrate specificities is linked to emergence of substrates via evolution of biosynthetic pathways. Transporter specificity towards the recently evolved glucosinolates characteristic of Brassicales is shown to evolve prior to emergence of glucosinolate biosynthesis. Furthermore, we show that glucosinolate transporters belonging to the ubiquitous NRT1/PTR FAMILY (NPF) likely evolved from transporters of the ancestral cyanogenic glucosides found across more than 2500 species outside of the Brassicales. Biochemical characterization of orthologs along the phylogenetic lineage from cassava to A. thaliana, suggests that alterations in the electrogenicity of the transporters accompanied changes in substrate specificity. Linking the evolutionary path of transporter substrate specificities to that of the biosynthetic pathways, exemplify how transporter substrate specificities originate and evolve as new biosynthesis pathways emerge.

PubMed ID: 28257001
PMC ID: PMC5336358
Article link: Elife.

Genes referenced: ag1 rragc


References:
Aduri, 2015, Pubmed[+]


Article Images: [+] show captions

My Xenbase: [ Log-in / Register ]
version: [4.5.0]

Major funding for Xenbase is provided by the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, grant P41 HD064556