XB-ART-53328J Cell Sci July 15, 2015; 128 (14): 2482-96.
Control of Cdc6 accumulation by Cdk1 and MAPK is essential for completion of oocyte meiotic divisions in Xenopus.
Vertebrate oocytes proceed through the first and the second meiotic division without an intervening S-phase to become haploid. Although DNA replication does not take place, unfertilized oocytes acquire the competence to replicate DNA one hour after the first meiotic division by accumulating an essential factor of the replicative machinery, Cdc6. Here, we show that the turnover of Cdc6 is precisely regulated in oocytes to avoid inhibition of Cdk1. At meiosis resumption, Cdc6 is expressed but cannot accumulate owing to a degradation mechanism that is activated through Cdk1. During transition from the first to the second meiotic division, Cdc6 is under the antagonistic regulation of B-type cyclins (which interact with and stabilize Cdc6) and the Mos-MAPK pathway (which negatively controls Cdc6 accumulation). Because overexpressing Cdc6 inhibits Cdk1 reactivation and drives oocytes into a replicative interphasic state, the fine-tuning of Cdc6 accumulation is essential to ensure two meiotic waves of Cdk1 activation and to avoid unscheduled DNA replication during meiotic maturation.
PubMed ID: 26092930
Article link: J Cell Sci
Genes referenced: cdc6 cdk1 mapk1 mos
Morpholinos: mos MO1
Daldello, 2018, Pubmed