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XB-ART-53917
eNeuro July 1, 2017; 4 (4):

In Vivo Analysis of the Neurovascular Niche in the Developing Xenopus Brain.

Lau M , Li J , Cline HT .


Abstract
The neurovascular niche is a specialized microenvironment formed by the interactions between neural progenitor cells (NPCs) and the vasculature. While it is thought to regulate adult neurogenesis by signaling through vascular-derived soluble cues or contacted-mediated cues, less is known about the neurovascular niche during development. In Xenopus laevis tadpole brain, NPCs line the ventricle and extend radial processes tipped with endfeet to the vascularized pial surface. Using in vivo labeling and time-lapse imaging in tadpoles, we find that intracardial injection of fluorescent tracers rapidly labels Sox2/3-expressing NPCs and that vascular-circulating molecules are endocytosed by NPC endfeet. Confocal imaging indicates that about half of the endfeet appear to appose the vasculature, and time-lapse analysis of NPC proliferation and endfeet-vascular interactions suggest that proliferative activity does not correlate with stable vascular apposition. Together, these findings characterize the neurovascular niche in the developing brain and suggest that, while signaling to NPCs may occur through vascular-derived soluble cues, stable contact between NPC endfeet and the vasculature is not required for developmental neurogenesis.

PubMed ID: 28795134
PMC ID: PMC5548361
Article link: eNeuro
Grant support: [+]
Genes referenced: ddx59 kdr tubb2b vim


Article Images: [+] show captions
References [+] :
Aberg, Peripheral infusion of IGF-I selectively induces neurogenesis in the adult rat hippocampus. 2000, Pubmed


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