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Curr Protoc Cell Biol. September 1, 2017; 76 11.22.1-11.22.16.

In Vitro Reconstitution of the Endoplasmic Reticulum.

Ferencz CM , Guigas G , Veres A , Neumann B , Stemmann O , Weiss M .

Reconstitution of cellular organelles in vitro offers the possibility to perform quantitative and qualitative experiments in a controlled environment that cannot be done with the same accuracy in living cells. Following a previous report, the subsequent list of protocols describes how to reconstitute and quantify a tubular ER network in vitro based on purified microsomes from culture cells and cytosol from Xenopus laevis egg extracts. Biological material preparation and reconstitution assays require mostly basic laboratory instrumentation and chemicals, and can be executed without any specific training, making them appealing to a wide range of laboratories. Moreover, to promote conditions that are markedly more reflective of in vivo environments, this method describes for the first time in the literature, the purification of microsomes from HeLa cells in some detail. Basic Protocol 1 in this article describes the reconstitution process on different substrates including the associated fluorescence imaging process. Purification of ER microsomes and cytosol, both of which are needed for this approach, are described in detail in Support Protocols 1 and 2, respectively. Coating of surfaces with polyacrylamide gels is described in Support Protocol 3. Basic Protocol 2 outlines how to segment and skeletonize fluorescence images of ER networks, and how to quantify segment lengths between the network''s branching points. The described quantitative evaluation provides a meaningful approach to analyze the topology and geometry of organelle structures. © 2017 by John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

PubMed ID: 28862340
Article link: Curr Protoc Cell Biol.

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